Peter Blake – context

Portrait miniatures – usually painted using watercolours of enamel. Popular until photographic portraits became available. Developed from techniques used in the paintings of illuminated manuscripts. As well as ivory, miniatures were commonly painted onto chicken skin, cardboard and playing cards. There are also illuminated manuscripts, Persian and Ottoman miniatures, and figure painting.




Hans Holbein the Younger - Margaret Roper (Metropolitan Museum of Art).JPG
Hans Holbien, Portrait miniature of Margaret Roper 1535-1536




Image result for nicholas hilliard
Nicholas Hilliard, Portrait of an unknown man clasping a hand

Hilliard used gold to bring light into the painting.


Francisco Goya


Goya created these miniatures by coating the ivory with a layer of black carbon then wiping away the colour using water to reveal the white underneath.



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